Sarah E. Choi, PhD, RN, FNP

Associate Professor
Location: 3-234 Factor Building
Email: schoi@sonnet.ucla.edu
Phone: (310) 794-5980

Overview

"I became interested in studying diabetes self-care while I was working as a family nurse practitioner in Central California. Many of my diabetic patients were ethnic minority immigrants and it was difficult for them to manage their diabetes well because of language, cultural practices, and limited resources. Because I speak Korean and am an immigrant myself, I am very aware of the important cultural factors that influence diabetes self-management behaviors in Korean immigrant adults and seniors, including social support. I am now working on developing an effective and practical diabetes self-management program for Korean immigrants addressing these cultural factors." Dr. Sarah E. Choi is an associate professor with UCLA’s School of Nursing. Her research focuses on identifying and understanding the biological, psychological, social, and cultural factors associated with chronic disease self-management among ethnic minority immigrants. Dr. Choi has been particularly interested in the role of family and social support in disease self-management among Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Her study interests have since broadened to include the self-management of risk factors among seniors in the areas of coronary heart disease and stroke prevention. Dr. Choi continues to develop and test community-based culturally tailored interventions focused on behavioral and lifestyle changes. Areas of Scholarly Expertise and Interest Disease self-management, health disparities, chronic disease, immigrants, culturally tailored interventions, stroke prevention, coronary heart disease prevention

Research Interests: My research focuses on identifying and understanding multi-dimensional (bio-psycho-socio-cultural) factors associated with chronic disease self-management among ethnic minority immigrants, primarily Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes mellitus.  I am particularly interested in studying the role of family and social support in disease self-management. Over the years my community-based participatory research has broadened to include the self-management of risk factors for coronary heart disease and stroke prevention. I continue to develop and test community-based culturally-tailored interventions focused on behavioral and lifestyle changes. The overarching goal in my program of research is to address health disparities in chronic disease management among underserved racial/ethnic minorities and immigrants through innovative community-based approach.

Courses

429A

Professional Activities

American Diabetes Association

American Heart Association Asian American Pacific Islander Nurses Association Western Institute of Nursing Sigma Theta Tau International  

Education

B.S., Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea, 1986, Nursing

M.S., University of California, Los Angeles, 1994, Nursing

Ph.D., University of California, San Francisco, 2007, Nursing

 

Grants

 

Principal Investigator and Trainee, CHD Risk and Behavior in Korean immigrants with Type 2 diabetes, Individual NIH/NINR National Research Service Award (NRSA) 5F31NR009329 1/1/05-12/31/07

 
Principal Investigator and Trainee/Scholar, Social Support and Diabetes Outcomes among Asian Immigrants, NIH/ NCRR Clinical and Translational Science Awards 1KL2RR031983-01 12/1/10-3/31/13

Principal Investigator and Scholar for Pilot Study Award, Diabetes Self‐Care Program for Older Korean Immigrants and Their Spouses, Resource Centers for Minority Aging Research/ Center for Health Improvement of Minority Elderly (RCMAR/CHIME) at the University of California, Los Angeles, under NIH/National Institute on Aging Grant P30-AG02168 and the UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI) under NIH/NCRR/NCATS Grant UL1TR000124   2/20/13-6/30/15

Co-Investigator of Project III: Implementing and Testing a Culturally-Tailored Stroke Risk Factor Reduction Intervention in Community Senior Centers (PI: Sarkisian) under Los Angeles Stroke Prevention/Intervention Research Program in Health Disparities (PI: Vickrey)  NIH/NINDS 1U54NS081764   09/30/12-8/31/17

Publications

Kwon, I., Choi, S., Mittman, B., Bharmal, N., Liu, H., Vickrey, B., Song, S., Araiza, D., McCreath, H., Seeman, T., Oh, S. M., Trejo, L., and Sarkisian, C. (2015). Study protocol of "Worth the Walk": a randomized controlled trial of a stroke risk reduction walking intervention among racial/ethnic minority older adults with hypertension in community senior centers, BMC Neurology, 15, 91 PMCID: PMC4465734

Rook, K. S., August, K. J., Choi, S., Franks, M. M., Stephens, M.A.P. (2015). Emotional reactivity to daily stress, spousal emotional support, and fasting blood glucose among patients with type 2 diabetes, Journal of Health Psychology (Epub ahead of print, May 7, 2015)

Choi, S. E., Ngo-Metzger, Q., Billimek, J., Greenfield, S., Kaplan, S. H., Sorkin, D. H. (2015). Contributors to patients’ ratings of quality of care among ethnically diverse patients with type 2 diabetes, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health (Epub ahead of print, March 5, 2015) NIHMS ID: 702721

Choi, S., Lee, J., Park, J., Sarkisian, C. (2015). Spousal Support in Diabetes Self-Management among Korean Immigrant Seniors, Research in Gerontological Nursing, 8(2), 94-104.  NIHMS 688665

Choi, S. Reed, P. & Sarkisian, C. (2013). Gender differences in the relationship between diabetes specific quality of life and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Korean immigrants, Research in Gerontological Nursing, 6(4), 283-292. PMCID: PMC3882268  

Choi, S. Rush, E. & Henry, S. (2013). Negative Emotions and Risk for Type 2 Diabetes among Korean Immigrants, The Diabetes Educator, 39(5), 679-688. PMCID: PMC3815651   

Choi, S. E., Liu, M., Palaniappan, L. P., Wang, E. J., & Wong, N. D. (2013).  Gender and ethnic differences in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes among Asian subgroups in California,  Journal of Diabetes and its Complications27, 429-435. PMCID: PMC3769447    

Bhalla V, Zhao B, Azar K, Wang E, Choi S, Wong E, Fortmann S, Palaniappan L (2013) Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Proteinuric and Non-proteinuric Diabetic Kidney Disease, Diabetes Care, 36(5), 1215-1221. PMCID: PMC3631839  

Choi, S & Reed, P (2013). Contributors to depressive symptoms among Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes, Nursing Research, 62(2), 115-121   PMCID: PMC3594573  

Myong, JP, Kim, HR, Choi, S, Koo JW (2013). Dose-related effect of urinary cotinine levels on bone mineral density among Korean females, Osteoporosis International, 24(4), 1339-1346.  PMID: 22890363

Choi, S., Rush, E., & Henry, S. (2013). Health literacy in Korean immigrants at risk for type 2 diabetes. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 15(3), 553-559   PMCID: PMC3496807

Holland, A, Zhao, B, Wong, E, Choi, S, Wong, N, Palaniappan, L (2013). Racial/Ethnic differences in control of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes patients in an insured, ambulatory care population, Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, 27, 34-40  PMCID:PMC3587775  

Jang, TW, Kim HR, Choi, SE, Yim HW, Lee, HE, Myong, JP, Koo, JW (2012). Smoking rate trends in Korean Occupational Groups: Analysis of KNHANES 1998-2009 Data, Journal of Occupational Health, 54, 452-458   PMID: 23060030 

Shin, J., Chiu, Y., Choi, S., Cho, S., & Bang, H. (2012). Serious psychological distress, health risk behaviors, and diabetes care among adults with type 2 diabetes: The California Health Interview Survey 2007. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 95(3), 406-414 PMID: 22169109   

Myong, JP, Kim, HR, Choi, S, Koo JW (2012). The effect of socioeconomic position on bone health among Koreans by gender and menopausal status. Calcified Tissue International, 90:488-495 PMID: 22527203

Choi, S & Rush E (2012). Effect of a short-duration, culturally tailored, community-based diabetes self-management intervention for Korean immigrants: A pilot study,  The Diabetes Educator, 38(3), 377-385.   PMCID: PMC3767570     

Choi, S. (2011). Anthropometric measures and lipid coronary disease risk factors in Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 26(5), 414-422. PMCID: PMC3137761

Choi, S., Lee, J., & Rush, E. (2011). Ethnic and language disparities in diabetes care among California residents. Ethnicity and Disease, 21(2), 183-189. PMID: 21749022   

Choi, S. & Reed, P. (2011). Psychometric validation of a short acculturation scale for Korean immigrants. Nursing Research, 60(4), 240-246.  PMCID: PMC3128185   

Choi, S. Chung, S., Chow, V., & Wong, N. (2011). Do risk factors explain the increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes among California Asian adults? Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 13(5), 803-808. PMID: 20936431

Choi, S. (2009). Diet-specific family support and glucose control among Korean immigrants with type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 35(6), 978-985.  PMCID: PMC3793646

Choi, S. & Rankin, S. (2009). Glucose control in Korean immigrants with Type 2 diabetes. Western Journal ofNursing Research, 31, 347-363.  PMCID: PMC3795774   

Choi, S., Rankin, S., Stewart, A., & Oka, R. (2008). Perceptions of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in Korean immigrants with Type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 34, 484-492.  PMCID: PMC3795773

Choi, S., Rankin, S., Stewart, A., & Oka, R. (2008). Effects of acculturation on smoking behavior in Asian Americans. A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 23, 67-73. PMID: 18158512